Cairo is the capital and largest city in Egypt. The city’s metropolitan area is the largest in the Middle East and the Arab world and the 15th largest in the world. The city is associated with ancient Egypt, since the Giza pyramids reside close to the city. Cairo has around 10 million people spread over 453 square kilometres. They have their own honking language going on in the cars and the use of street lanes were limited, it’s a very hectic city with lots of people and cars. Unfortunately, you could notice that the city has a huge problem with pollution due to the traffic. This was a bit sad, especially when visiting Giza.
We got to visit the Islamic Cairo which is a part of central Cairo around the old walled city and around the Citadel of Cairo which is characterized by hundreds of mosques, tombs, mansions and fortifications dating from the Islamic era. In 1979, UNESCO proclaimed Historic Cairo a World Cultural Heritage site, as ”one of the world’s oldest Islamic cities, with its famous mosques, madrasas, hammams and fountains” and ”the new centre of the Islamic world, reaching its golden age in the 14th century”.
In the part of Islamic Cairo, you could walk around in narrow streets and enjoy the medieval buildings rising from the ground. We were there early in the morning before most shops opened and I’m quite happy about that, it would be way to crowded during daytime. We got to see the start of a new day and tried a public bathroom (not to recommended).