The Giza pyramid complex
The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) constructed c. 2580–2560 BC, is the oldest and largest of the pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex. It is the oldest of the Seven wonders of the Ancient World and the only one to remain largely intact. The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for more than 3 800 years. Originally, the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface, which you can still see around the base. There have been varying scientific and alternative theories about the Great Pyramid's construction techniques. Most accepted construction hypotheses are based on the idea that it was built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into place. That’s what I call work!
The main part of the Giza complex is a setting of pyramids that include two mortuary temples in honour of Khufu, three smaller pyramids for Khufu's wives, an even smaller "satellite" pyramid and a small mastaba tomb surrounding the pyramid for nobles. In total, there are 9 pyramids in this area. To get a good view of all of the nine pyramids, we took a horse carriage to the panorama point where I shot some nice pictures of the area. From this angle, you could also see how close the area is to Cairo, with houses sticking up behind. Quite remarkable driving out of Cairo and all a sudden the pyramids rise from the ground, very spectacular!
It’s really hard to imagine all the man-power it took to build these pyramids in a course of 20 years’ time, the work must have been so tough. The blocks of stone were larger than I had thought before and it was a mighty feeling to be surrounded by these complexes. Standing in front of the pyramid of Cheops, I became my own tourist attraction due to my blonde hair. A girl came up to us asking to touch my hair and to have a photo with me. It ended up with her bringing her whole family joining me in a photo. I was a bit surprised about the fascination of the blonde hair and light skin. I mean, this has happened to me before, but in South east Asia, like 18 years ago. I thought the fascination had cooled off due to the increase of tourists, but I was wrong. I became the mid-point of many gazing eyes and photographs on my trip to Egypt.
The Great Sphinx
The Great Sphinx of Giza is a limestone statue of a laying sphinx, a mythical creature with the body of a lion and the head of a human. It measures 73 m long from paw to tail, 20.21 m high from the base to the top of the head and 19 m wide at its rear hips. It is the oldest known monumental sculpture in Egypt and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians of the Old Kingdom during the reign of the Pharaoh Khafre (c. 2558–2532 BC).
It’s a remarkable structure and an impressive backdrop with the pyramids. You wonder what happened to the nose, but the scientists aren’t in agreement of the history of the nose.